Describing Colour

When mixing hues with achromatic neutrals or other hues, they create various colours and can be described in the following ways.


Tint is the quality that differentiates lighter versions of a colour, such as lemon from yellow, usually achieved by adding white.


Shade differentiates darker versions of a colour, such as navy from blue, usually achieved by adding black.


Tone describes the relative dullness or brightness of a colour, obtained by adding black, white, a combination of black and white, or another colour. For example, adding white to green produces lime, while adding black to green makes olive.

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